Track 7: Ocean Oil Spilling
The problem of cleaning up ocean oil spills from the waters without harming marine ecology is getting more and harder. Utilizing consortiums of marine microorganisms and wheat bran (WB) adsorbed on agro-residue bacterial cells, the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) has created an eco-friendly crude oil bioremediation mechanism technology. When there is an oil leak, the hydrocarbon clastic deep sea microbial consortium (two or more bacterial groups) is crucial for breaking down the oil. The complex variety of petroleum hydrocarbons that the microbial population degrades into different aldehydes, ketones, and acidic metabolites is done so in an energetic manner. Currently, more than three billion tons of crude oil are produced worldwide year, with the majority travelling by sea. This in turn raises the possibility of an unintentional oil leak. Oil spills have the potential to do a great deal of environmental harm because the hazardous organic compounds they contain end up accumulating in subsurface sediments and entering the marine food chain.