The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Environmental pollution occurs when the physical and biological components of the earth/atmosphere system are contaminated to the point where regular environmental processes are disrupted. Sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, volatile organic compounds, and airborne particles are some of the most common air pollutants, with radioactive pollutants being among the most dangerous, especially those produced by nuclear explosions. Insecticides and herbicides, food processing waste, and pollutants from a livestock business are all examples of water pollutants
- Track 1-1Biomass (renewable energy)
- Track 1-2Effect of pollution on the health
- Track 1-3Effect of Air
- Track 1-4Effect on Land, Soil and Food
- Track 1-5Effect on Water
- Track 1-6Effect on Climate
To control pollution in industrial operations and transportation, many technologies are employed. Gravity settling chambers, centrifugal separators, and particulate wet scrubbers are examples of particulate pollution control technologies. Sensors are now being used in a wide range of applications in pollution control.
- Track 2-1Incinerator
- Track 2-2Gravitational setting chambers
- Track 2-3Electrostatic precipitators
- Track 2-4Cyclone Separators
- Track 2-5Selective catalytic reduction system
- Track 2-6Fabric Filters
- Track 2-7Biofilters
- Track 2-8Scrubbers
The issue of solid waste management is the most challenging for authorities in developing countries, both small and large cities. This is mostly due to the rising generation of such solid trash and the resulting financial load on cities. The rate, volume, and quality of city solid waste output in emerging countries have been considerably increased by population growth, urban growth, a rising economy, and a rise in the standard of life.
- Track 3-1Food Solid Waste
- Track 3-2Waste as a source of income
- Track 3-3Disposal of solid waste
- Track 3-4Management and Recycling of Solid Waste
- Track 3-5Management and Recycling of Solid Waste
- Track 3-6Valorization of Solid Waste
The process of "heat integration," or recycling heat energy that would otherwise be discarded or simply released into the atmosphere, is known as "waste heat recovery." Plants can lower their energy expenditures and CO2 emissions while boosting their energy efficiency by recovering waste heat.
- Track 4-1Economizer
- Track 4-2Waste Heat Boiler (WHB)
- Track 4-3Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG)
- Track 4-4Absorption Chiller
- Track 4-5Steam Thermocompression
- Track 4-6Boiler Blowdown
- Track 4-7Steam-Fired Water Heating
Modern waste is waste that is transmitted by mechanical development and includes any material that is supplied in vain during a gathering method, such as that of production lines, plants, and mining operations. It's been around since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Substance solvents, paints, sandpaper, paper products, mechanical consequences, metals, and radioactive wastes are only a few instances of modern trash. Current waste tasks include hazardous waste, substance waste, mechanical solid waste, and metropolitan solid waste. Sewage treatment plants can handle a variety of advanced wastes, such as those involving common pollutants such as biochemical oxygen demand (BOD).
- Track 5-1Segregation
- Track 5-2Landfill
- Track 5-3Composting
- Track 5-4Recycling
- Track 5-5Oil Recycling
- Track 5-6Glass Recycling
- Track 5-7Metal Recycling
- Track 5-8Metal Recycling
Unfortunately, a substantial amount of plastic garbage is released into the environment, inflicting major economic and environmental harm. However, according to all current expert reports, to fully benefit from the benefits of plastics, we must also promote the most sustainable waste management options, encourage recycling, use energy recovery as a complementary option, and limit the dumping of all recoverable plastic waste in landfills.
- Track 6-1UV treatment
- Track 6-2UV treatment
- Track 6-3Polymer size-reduction
- Track 6-4Photo-Oxidative Treatment
- Track 6-5Incineration
- Track 6-6Pyrolysis
- Track 6-7Gasification
- Track 6-8Composting, Vermicomposting
- Track 6-9Anaerobic digestion
- Track 6-10Fermentation
Upcycling is the process of repurposing waste materials and turning them into useful items. There are numerous goods that we do not require, whether at home or in the workplace. Is it really necessary to upcycle, you might wonder? The method may appear wasteful and time-consuming from a broad perspective. After all, all you have to do is discard the trash and let it decay. This is not the healthiest approach to dispose of your trash.
- Track 7-1Conserves the environment
- Track 7-2Conserves the limited resources
- Track 7-3Reduce the cost of production
- Track 7-4Supporting local industries
- Track 7-5Encourages creativity and innovation
The most typical Waste to Energy implementation is incineration, which is the combustion of organic material such as waste with energy recovery. All new waste-to-energy plants in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries must fulfil stringent emission regulations, including nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulphur dioxide (SO2), heavy metals, and dioxins. As a result, modern incineration plants differ significantly from older models, some of which do not recover energy or materials. Depending on the content of the trash and the degree of recovery of commodities such as metals from the ash for recycling, modern incinerators reduce the volume of the original garbage by 95-96 percentage.
- Track 8-1Electricity
- Track 8-2Fuel through a variety of processes
- Track 8-3Combustion
- Track 8-4Combustion
- Track 8-5Gasification
- Track 8-6Anaerobic digestion
- Track 8-7Landfill gas recovery
- Track 8-8Pyrolization
Waste sorting is the process of separating the waste into different components. It should be explored whether the amount of waste generated could be minimised before producing waste. As a result, following handling, treatment, and disposal activities would need less effort. Because it is significantly easier to recycle, waste segregation is required by law. Effective waste segregation implies that less garbage is disposed of in landfills, which is less expensive and better for people and the environment. Separation is also necessary for public health reasons.
- Track 9-1Organic
- Track 9-2hazardous
- Track 9-3Solid
- Track 9-4Solid
- Track 9-5Solid
- Track 9-6Liquid
- Track 9-7Recyclable
The federal government has transferred responsibility for wastewater treatment to the provinces and territories in the same way that it has delegated responsibility for drinking water. The Fisheries Act, which restricts the release of dangerous substances into seas where fish reside, is one of two federal acts that may apply to wastewater. The Environmental Protection Act regulates the release of harmful substances into the environment and gives the federal government the authority to create restrictions for their usage. Water treatment standards and criteria are regulated by most provincial and territorial governments.
- Track 10-1Physical Water Treatment
- Track 10-2Chemical Treatment
- Track 10-3Biological Water Treatment
- Track 10-4Sludge Treatment
The biological, chemical, and physical characteristics of hazardous wastes are used to classify them. Toxic, reactive, ignitable, corrosive, infectious, or radioactive compounds are created as a result of these qualities. Even in trace concentrations, toxic wastes are poisonous. They may have immediate consequences, such as death or severe illness, or they may have long-term consequences, such as irreversible injury. Some are carcinogenic, meaning they can cause cancer after years of exposure. Others are mutagenic, causing significant biological alterations in the progeny of humans and wildlife exposed to them.
- Track 11-1Ignitable
- Track 11-2Used Solvents
- Track 11-3Corrosive
- Track 11-4Reactive
- Track 11-5Cleaning Solutions
- Track 11-6Lab pack materials
- Track 11-7Acids and Caustics
- Track 11-8Toxic metals
- Track 11-9Sludges
- Track 11-10Contaminated soils
- Track 11-11Plating Solutions
- Track 11-12Waste containing hazardous metals
Due to its high water content, low dewaterability, and rigorous regulations for sludge reuse or disposal, sludge management is one of the most demanding and challenging duties of wastewater treatment plants. One of the most recent goals of wastewater treatment plants has been to develop more ecologically friendly technologies for reducing sludge disposal volume and converting sludge into biofuel. The conversion of sludge into biogas, syngas, and bio-oil, which can then be converted into electricity, mechanical energy, and heat, is a common example of sludge energy recovery.
- Track 12-1Primary Sludge
- Track 12-2Secondary Sludge (biological)
- Track 12-3Secondary Sludge (biological)
- Track 12-4Mixed Sludge
- Track 12-5Tertiary Sludge (chemical or physiochemical)
Many institutions, towns, and governments have set high Zero Waste (ZW) targets, with many of them focusing explicitly on food waste. Perishable organic resources, such as food, present unique considerations and obstacles for Zero Waste, which was originally intended for the management of chemicals and other materials that can be held for long periods of time without changing form, and is based on ecological philosophy.
- Track 13-1Regulate disposal
- Track 13-2Recycle
- Track 13-3Reuse
- Track 13-4Manufactures design products for sustainability and take-back
- Track 13-5Reduce and conserve materials
Electronic waste, often known as e-squander, refers to any electronic device that is outdated, broken, donated, abandoned, or nearing the end of its useful life. Telephones, PCs, workstations, PDAs, displays, TVs, printers, scanners, and other electrical devices are all included together in this category. Reusing printed circuit sheets from electronic wastes is one of the most difficult issues. Gold, silver, platinum, and other precious metals, as well as basic metals like copper, iron, and aluminium, are found on the circuit sheets.
- Track 14-1Waste minimization
- Track 14-2Monitoring, evaluation and reporting
- Track 14-3Resource mobilization
- Track 14-4Waste collection, storage, treatment, disposal
- Track 14-5Institutional mechanism and coordination
- Track 14-6Legal framework and enforcement
- Track 14-7Capacity building and awareness
- Track 14-8Imports and Exports
The process of rising average air temperatures near the Earth's surface over the last one to two centuries is known as global warming. Since the mid-twentieth century, climate scientists have accumulated extensive data from a wide range of meteorological occurrences and their effects on the climate. These dates show that the Earth's climate has changed throughout nearly every imaginable timescale since the beginning of geologic time, and that human actions have been profoundly woven into the very fabric of climate change since at least the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.
- Track 15-1Water Shortage
- Track 15-2Temperature rises
- Track 15-3Weed and Pest Invasions
- Track 15-4Drought
- Track 15-5Intense Storm Damage
- Track 15-6Salt Invasion
- Track 15-7Increased Fire Threats
In many countries, biomedical waste (waste generated during the diagnosis, treatment, or vaccination of humans or animals, or during research activities relating to any of these procedures, or in the manufacture or testing of biological material) has become a severe health risk.Dental clinics and institutions that dispose of this material carelessly and indiscriminately may contribute to the spread of dangerous diseases including hepatitis and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among waste handlers and the general population.
- Track 16-1Human Anatomical Waste
- Track 16-2Solid Waste
- Track 16-3Chemical Waste
- Track 16-4Discarded Items
- Track 16-5Microbiology and Biotechnology Waste
- Track 16-6Contaminated Waste
- Track 16-7Translucent (white) Category
- Track 16-8Glass and Metallic Implants (Blue Category)
Renewable energy occurs from naturally renewing but flow-limited sources; renewable resources are nearly limitless in terms of length but have a finite amount of energy per unit of time. While renewable energy is frequently considered of as a new technology, it has long been utilised for heating, transportation, lighting, and other purposes. Windmills grind grain while boats cruise the seas. During the day, the sun provided warmth and assisted in the lighting of flames that lasted well into the evening. However, during the last 500 years or so, people have become increasingly reliant on cheaper, dirtier energy sources like coal and fracking gas.
- Track 17-1Solar Energy
- Track 17-2Wind Energy
- Track 17-3Hydro energy
- Track 17-4Tidal Energy
- Track 17-5Geothermal Energy
- Track 17-6Biomass Energy
The potential for green energy recovery from bio-organic waste is enormous. The fermentation of this waste produces biogas, which can be used to generate heat or power, or it can be sold to the grid after being refined to natural gas quality. From carefully gathered green waste, Indaver creates a sustainable fuel for biomass power plants. Indaver contributes significantly to European and Flemish climate goals by generating this green energy.
- Track 18-1Landfill (source of biogas)
- Track 18-2Balance between Recycling and Renewable Energy
- Track 18-3Biofuels
Plastic is a petroleum-based synthetic organic polymer having qualities that make it useful for packaging, construction, household and sporting goods, cars, electronics, and agriculture. Cheap, lightweight, robust, and pliable, plastic is a popular material. Every year, over 300 million tonnes of plastic are produced, with half of it going into single-use goods like shopping bags, cups, and straws.Every year, over 8 million tonnes of plastic enter our oceans. The most common type of marine litter is floating plastic waste. From surface waters to deep-sea strata, waste plastic comprises nearly 80 percent of all marine trash.
- Track 19-1Impact on Marine Environment
- Track 19-2Impact on Food and Health
- Track 19-3Impact on Climate change
- Track 19-4Impact on Tourism
Waste valorization is the process of transforming waste materials into more valuable goods such as materials, chemicals, fuels, or other sources of energy by reusing, recycling, or composting them. Any industrial processing activities intended at reusing, recycling, or composting wastes, valuable products, or sources of energy are referred to as "waste valorization." Processing of residue or by-products into raw materials, use of discarded finished or semifinished products as raw materials or energy sources, use of waste materials in manufacturing process steps, and addition of waste materials to finished products are some of the most common examples.
- Track 20-1Food Waste Valorization
- Track 20-2Solid waste Valorization
- Track 20-3Biomass Valorization